Pragmatic Works Blog


Company blog for some of our Pragmatic Works employee to write about company happenings and about the software business.

Webinar Follow-Up: Dynamic SSRS Reports Using T-SQL & MDX

Presenter: David Siska

Click here to watch the full webinar.

Click here to view David's blog.

SSRS Training Session Questions

We got a couple of questions during the Dynamic SSRS Reports presentation that I didn't have time to address during our typical end of sessions Q/A time. Those questions and answers to them are below.

Q: What if we wanted to capture the total amount of time it took to run the report... 3 seconds, 3 minutes, etc..

A: We can definitely get this kind of information from the SSRS Execution Log.
If we query the Microsoft supported ExecutionLog3 we can see the start and end times of the report, as well as the milliseconds used for each step of the report processing.
As we can see in this example, the most recent report executed from the cache, saving us quite a bit of time for data retrieval and processing time. We can also see that the report did not take much time to process from a live execution.

Q:  For a subscription report, what if I'd like to change parameters based on to whom the report is distributed? If to Joe, show Kansas data, but if to Tim show Nebraska data?

A: You need a data driven report (which is not available in standard edition of SQL Server)
You will set this up in Report Manager using subscriptions, and the design of the report will create the options to pass in parameters.
In step three of the subscription setup process you have the option to enter a query. You can test and run this query in SSMS first and you can certainly make a more complex query than the example used here.

Step 5 of this process is to define your parameter values. Since this report has only one parameter, the year, I selected the Year column from my previous query. Joining to a table that holds user report preferences or other data that might indicate which parameters should be used for their report (e.g. a sales territory) is a great way to make use of SSRS data driven subscriptions!
Note that while the prompt states the value is coming from the database, the available values are defined in your supplied query.

Q: Is it true that when upgrading from 2008 to 2012 that report subscriptions must be recreated manually?

A: I'm of the opinion that if it can go wrong it will, so backups and documentation are great things to have prior to a significant operation such as a version upgrade.
There are several tools and considerations for the Reporting Services portion of a version upgrade, and I'd suggest you refer to the MSDN documentation, which is far more detailed than my answer could be here.

Q: Hi, I alwasy have a problem with cascading parameters, where they are date types, so Param 1 says, Period No. and if they choose '1' then Param 2 (Date From) and Param 3 (Date To) is set (this works) but then chaning Param 1 to another period, the 2 cascading date parameters do not get updated, this is in any version, thanks

A: Great question, this is a "By Design" aspect of SSRS and cascading parameters and can happen with other data types too, depending on the nature of your data sets. There are several workarounds that have already been proposed by the community and you can find the initial issue report and those workarounds described here.
Boyan Penev has a longer explanation of the issue and a workaround on his blog.

Rename SharePoint Central Administration Database

By Bradley Schacht

Click here to view Brad's entire blog.

SharePoint uses a series of SQL Server databases to save configuration information, security setups and all the user data that has been created. The Central Administration site is no different and has its own content database that is created when running the SharePoint configuration wizard. Unfortunately, unlike when creating service applications, you do not get to choose the name of this database during the wizard. The database name will default to SharePoint_AdminContent_<GUID>.


This could be problematic for a number of reasons. Many companies have a set of standards for database names. Other times you will want to change it simply because you have a small OCD issue (that’s me). While the task is not necessarily as easy as going into SQL Server and renaming the database in the object explorer it isn’t necessarily difficult either. Just follow the steps below and you will clear up that OCD (or naming convention) issue in no time.

Note these steps should be run from a SharePoint server. You may also need elevated permissions in certain steps to drop databases from the SQL Server.
  1. Run the SharePoint 2013 Management Shell as Administrator.
  2. Make note of what you would like the new database name to be as well as the current web application name for Central Administration.
    New Database: SharePointCentralAdmin
    Web Application: http://kerberos-sp:36000
  3. With that information run the following command. This will create a new content database named SharePointCentralAdmin in my case.
    New-SPContentDatabase –Name SharePointCentralAdmin –WebApplication http://kerberos-sp:36000
  4. The next step is to migrate the contents of the previous database (SharePoint_AdminContent_8449cb1b-4a84-4048-9425-0ec6e783ec37) to the new database (SharePointCentralAdmin). To do this we will need to pass database IDs rather than database names to the commands in the next step. To first find the IDs assigned to each of the databases using the Get-SPWebApplication and Get-SPContentDatabase commands.
    Get-SPWebApplication –Identity http://kerberos-sp:36000 | Get-SPContentDatabase | SELECT ID, Name, WebApplication | Format-List
  5. Make note of the two IDs and which database each belongs to.
    Original Database: c87506a9-b87d-40b8-9582-aac9ee89c8f8
    New Database: f79cb9d8-8e45-4405-82c9-081f58bce7a0
  6. With the IDs in hand use the Get-SPSite and Move-SPSite commands to migrate the content from one database to the other. For each of these commands we need to feed the ID for the database. When running the command you will be prompted to confirm the action, press Y to confirm each prompt or A to accept all the prompts at the beginning.
    Get-SPSite –ContentDatabase c87506a9-b87d-40b8-9582-aac9ee89c8f8 | Move-SPSite –DestinationDatabase f79cb9d8-8e45-4405-82c9-081f58bce7a0
  7. Note that IIS must be restarted. To do so simply type IISReset into the management shell.
  8. Next, to remove the database association from the Central Administration web application run the following command and press Y to confirm each action.
    Remove-SPContentDatabase c87506a9-b87d-40b8-9582-aac9ee89c8f8
  9. Optionally confirm the association has been removed by running the same command from Step 4.
    Get-SPWebApplication –Identity http://kerberos-sp:36000 | Get-SPContentDatabase | SELECT ID, Name, WebApplication | Format-List
  10. Drop the original database with the GUID in the name use SQL Server Management Studio.
  11. Relax because your OCD is now happy. Also go tell the DBAs they owe you a cookie for removing the GUID, they will be happy too.

Using PowerShell to Build Your Azure VM Environment

By: Devin Knight

Click here to view Devin's blog.

In a previous post I wrote about Using a Hyper-V VHD in an Azure VM. Today I’d like to show you what my next steps were.  My goal with using Azure is to create an lab environment for student that fits the following needs:

  • Easy to create new virtual environments
  • Easy to power down virtual environments
  • Easy to power up virtual environments
  • Easy to delete all virtual environments

The point of this post is to guide you through how to easily create virtual machines for multiple students or employees in a quick and easy script. By the way, I have previously posted how to solve the problem of powering up and powering down the virtual lab environments in my blog about Setting up Automation in Azure.

Creating an Image

These steps will guide you through how to take what you learned in my blog aboutUsing a Hyper-V VHD in an Azure VM and create and image from your VHD you uploaded. You would also create an image from a Virtual Machine that you created from the Azure Gallery. Once an image is created you can then spin off as many virtual machines as you would like from that image.

  • Login to the Azure Management Portal.
  • Navigate to the Virtual Machines page and select Images on the top of the screen.
  • Select Create on the bottom of the screen to build a new image.


  • Name the image and provide the VHD url location where you are storing your vhd. If you followed my previous blog on uploading you local VHD then this would be the storage account and container that you uploaded to. You must run Sysprep on your virtual machine if you want to create an image from it.


PowerShell to Create your VMs

The the image created you can now either manually create new virtual machines from the image or use PowerShell to scale your solution better. For me Powershell made most sense because I’m not trying to build just one virtual machine. In my case I actually need to build 15 identical virtual machines (for 15 students) based off the same image.

  • If you haven’t already download and Install the Windows Azure PowerShell module×409
  • Launch Windows Azure PowerShell
  • Before you start using the Windows Azure PowerShell cmdlets, you need to configure connectivity between your machine and Windows Azure. One way to do this is by downloading the PublishSettings file from Windows Azure and importing it. Using the PowerShell prompt enter the following commands:
    • Get-AzurePublishSettingsFile
    • Import-AzurePublishSettingsFile “C:\SubscriptionCredentials.publishsettings”
  • Download my PowerShell script called CreateVMs.ps1. Essentially you point this script to your image and cloud service and tell it how many VMs you want and it loops over your image until all the VMs you asked for are created.

param([Int32]$vmcount = 3)# Create Azure VMs for Class
# run in Powershell window by typing .\CreateVMs.ps1 -vmcount 3

$startnumber = 1
$vmName = “VirtualMachineName”
$password = “pass@word01″
$adminUsername = “Student”
$cloudSvcName = “CloudServiceName”
$image = “ImageName”
$size = “Large”
$vms = @()
for($i = $startnumber ; $i -le $vmcount; $i++)
$vmn = $vmName + $i
New-AzureVMConfig -Name $vmn -InstanceSize $size -ImageName $image |
Add-AzureEndpoint -Protocol tcp -LocalPort 3389 -PublicPort 3389 -Name “RemoteDesktop” |
Add-AzureProvisioningConfig -Windows -AdminUsername $adminUsername -Password $password |
New-AzureVM -ServiceName $cloudSvcName

  • Modify any of my generic parameters I’ve provided in the file.  You’ll likely need to modify the default values of the following
    • $vmName
    • $password
    • $adminUsername
    • $cloudSvcName
    • $image
    • $size (Optional, right now mine creates large VMs so you may want to adjust this)
  • This script also accepts one parameter that you can key in the value for externally. The –VMCount parameter allows you to specify exactly how many virtual machines you would like based on your image. To run this script use this command in your PowerShell window. Using the number 3 here will produce 3 virtual machines for me.

.\CreateVMs.ps1 -vmcount 3

  • If I were to run this script without changing any of the embedded parameters it would produce 3 virtual machines with the following names:
    • VirtualMachineName1
    • VirtualMachineName2
    • VirtualMachineName3

Once your virtual machines are created your next step is to consider if you want to keep them running all the time or only during business hours. Keep in mind you only pay for the time your virtual machines are started. For my scenario I wanted to turn my machines off during non business hours and back on in the morning, which can be automated through Azure Automation. Read this post on Setting up Azure Automation.

Click here to view Devin's entire blog.

Webinar Follow-Up: What's New In SSIS 2012 & 2014

Instructor: Kathi Kellenberger

Click here to watch the full webinar.

Click here to view Kathi's blog.

Q:  Can we develop SSIS packages using SSMS or do we have to use SSDT?
A: You must use SSDT. That makes sense; it is a development tool!

Q: Any impact when upgrading from 2008 SSIS to SSIS 2014?
A: Except for just trying it out, I haven’t had the chance to do any real upgrades. It’s important to figure out if you are going to move to the new Project Deployment model and do the planning.  Once I get some more experience with this, I’ll do another webinar just about it.

Q: Can SSIS 2012 sense the environment name and set the environment accordingly?
A: I’m not sure exactly what you are getting at here. In the new project deployment model, you assign the environment.

Q: Can I run a package developed in SSIS 2012 or 2014 in a 2008 R2 environment?
A: I haven’t tried this and a quick search didn’t turn up anything helpful. My gut is telling me that it should work as long as you are using the package deployment model.

Q. Do package configurations still exist in SSIS 2012?
A. Yes, you have the choice of using the package deployment model which gives you the traditional configurations or using the new project deployment model.

Q. Is there a way to make changes to one package without redeploying the entire project?
A. No, in the project deployment model, you must deploy the entire project even if there is just a change to one package.

Webinar Follow-Up: SSIS Tales From the Road

Presenter: Anthony Martin

SQL Server Integration Services is a versatile tool that makes it easy to move and transform data. Sometimes unusual situations present themselves that leave developers scratching their heads. In this webinar,  Anthony will demonstrate how to handle some of these oddball challenges.

Click here to watch the full webinar.

Click here to view Anthony Martin's blog.

Follow-Up Questions:

Q:  Could the file cache be used between packages in the same projects?

Yes, the ‘Use file cache’ option of the Cache Transform transformation can be used between packages that are in the same project or even different projects. 

In order to do this, you’ll need to configure the Cache Transform with the ‘Use file cache’ option and execute the package.  This is because the Cache Transform file (.caw extension) is created until the package is executed.  Next, in another package that you want to reuse the Cache Transform file, add a Lookup transformation to a Data Flow Task.  While configuring the Lookup transformation, select the ‘Cache Connection Manager’ connection type on the ‘General’ page.  On the ‘Connection’ page, click ‘New’ to create a new Cache Connection Manager, select the ‘Use File Cache’ option and browse to the location where the file was created in the previous package.  Configure the rest of the Lookup transformation just like you normally would and you are all set!

Q:  Are Lookup Transformations better than just using Stored Procedures in the Source component?

If the connection for the source and the lookup are on the same database and correct indexing exists then a stored procedure in the source component that performs the join for you is probably the appropriate choice.  However, if the source and the lookup connections are on different database servers or different file types altogether then the lookup transformation is one of only a few options available and is a highly efficient transformation if configured using the default settings.

Q:  Could you please share the SSIS project and SSMS solution?

I’ve posted both solutions to my OneDrive.  You can access them here.

Introducing DOC xPress Server Edition

Join us for a demo of the new DOC xPress Server Edition! DOC xPress Server brings the metadata capabilities of the DOC xPress desktop application to a web application that you host, making it much easier to share documentation, lineage, and data dictionary information in your organization. By supporting a web-based user interface, you can provide access to all of your business and technical users, without requiring them to have a desktop installation. 

View Demo Here!

Pragmatic Works is Named as a Best Place to Work in 2014 by the Jacksonville Business Journal

Pragmatic Works has earned top-ranking as one of Jacksonville Business Journal’s 2014 Best Places to Work. Only companies qualifying by both employee participation in an anonymous survey and scoring in the top percentile are being recognized. Winning companies represent a wide spectrum of industries and the very best in the Northeast Florida business community.

“Pragmatic Works is proud to be named one of Jacksonville Business Journal’s 2014 Best Places to Work,” says Brian Knight, CEO of Pragmatic Works. “We strive to provide the best possible work environment for our employees and would not be a leader in our industry without them. Company culture is extremely important to us, and is something we go out of our way to emphasize and promote principles such as integrity,creativity and giving back to the community.”

Pragmatic Works offers its employees many benefits including:

·        Employees are made partners in the company after one year of employment and get annual payouts from overall company profits based on years of service

·        Annual holiday bonuses based on years of service

·        Discounted membership to a local gym

·        Multiple yearly parties to foster camaraderie and as a reward for hard work

·        401K Matching

·        Ample Vacation& Sick Time

“I came on board with Pragmatic Works when it was still a very young company and I have been with them for overfive years. The great thing about Pragmatic Works is that they have kept their core values and fantastic company culture intact despite doubling their sizeyear after year,” says Shawn Harrison, Senior Sales Engineer for Pragmatic Works. “It is still as fun and interesting a job now as when I first started,and my passion for working here has only grown.”

Pragmatic Works will featured as a Best Company to Work in the Jacksonville Business Journal in their July 4th,2014 issue.  

Clay Chamber Names Pragmatic Works as the June 2014 Small Business of the Month

Pragmatic Works has been named the June 2014 Small Business of the Month by the Clay Chamber. Small Business of the Month winners are selected by Chamber staff and Ambassadors. Nominations are based on Chamber participation and leadership of the business in the community.

“The Clay Chamber is honored to recognize Pragmatic Works as our Small Business of the Month. They are a shining example of a small business putting together a great product and business plan, executing it flawlessly, reaching for the stars and landing on the stars, states Doug Conkey, President of the Clay County Chamber. “Their reach is truly global and in turn has allowed them to help businesses reach their goals. This success also allows Pragmatic Works to help others in need of training through its foundation. The Clay County business community is truly inspired by the example set by Pragmatic Works.”

Pragmatic Works is very active in the community and sponsors events such as Concert on the Green and has provided panelists for local discussions on marketing and social media. In addition Pragmatic Works runs a foundation program that is dedicated to helping motivated passionate individuals change their lives by learning in-demand technology skills. Pragmatic Works also hosts a kid’s technology camp, where children are introduced to computer programming and robotics in a fun and educational environment.

“Pragmatic Works is honored to be named Clay Chamber’s June 2014 Small Business of the Month,” says Brian Knight, CEO of Pragmatic Works. “We are proud to be leaders in the small business community and to be able to give back to local residents. We have been fortunate enough to double our organization’s size consistently for the past several years, and we look forward to continuing this progression in this incredible community.”

Pragmatic Works Invests in its Own Analytics Platform System

In May of 2014, Pragmatic Works announced that they partnered with Arrow Software to procure their own Analytics Platform System (APS). This makes Pragmatic Works capable of doing Proof of Concepts, Architectural Design Sessions and hands on demos for any clients interested in upgrading their current data warehouse environment.


Pragmatic Works is the market leader in APS (formerly known as Parallel Data Warehouse) experience. Their team has been expertly trained with the Microsoft Center of Excellence and has worked alongside Microsoft leaders in delivering APSs. They are a National Systems Integrator (NSI) Partner, making them one of 35 top partners in the nationwide across all platforms. Pragmatic Works’ APS appliance also includes HDinsight and polybase.


“By being able to conduct our own POCs and ADSs, Pragmatic Works is setting ourselves apart from other partners,” says Adam Jorgensen, President of Pragmatic Works Consulting. “With customers facing incredible increases in data volume, the need is more critical than ever for massively parallel processing (MPP) architecture to gain scalable performance, flexibility, and hardware choices with the most comprehensive data warehouse solution available.”


For more information about Pragmatic Works’ APS services, please visit our website  

Webinar Follow-Up: 5 SQL Server Indexing Myths

Presenter: Jason Strate

There are many "best practices" around that help people decide how to index databases. Having these practices can help alleviate the time that it takes to design an indexing strategy for a database. These practices can be of great use, except when they are wrong. Join us in this session, as we discuss some common myths associated with indexes and then dive into the myths to demonstrate how they can be debunked. At the end of the session, you'll know a few more things about indexes and leave armed with scripts that can help you debunk these myths on your own.

Click here to view the full webinar!

Follow-Up Questions:

Q: Does indexing even matter now with Hekaton in place?

Absolutely. In-memory OLTP (hekaton) only satisfies some use cases to data needs. Its great for high throughput OLTP tables. That doesn't necessarily make it a good fit for reference tables, slowly changing OLTP, tables requiring LOB data types, or nearly all data warehouse solutions.

Q: How do you recommend finding the indexes that can use or benefit from tuning fill factor?

I look at sys.dm_db_index_operational_stats and sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats.  The first dynamic management object provides information on the number of allocations; which relates to the rate in which page splits are occurring.  Then look at the second dynamic management object to determine the indexes that are fragmented.  After identification, then look at the rate in which these indexes need to be rebuilt and adjust the fill factor on those that are rebuilt most often.

Q: Do you think it is better to have many single column non-clustered indexes or a fewer number of multi-column non-clustered indexes?

It's not so something that a single pattern can fit all tables and workloads. In a general sense, non-clustered indexes with multiple or included columns can often provide a better performance lift over a large number of single column indexes. Of course, YMMV.

Q: We have seen some indexes getting fragmented few minutes after we rebuild/reorganize them. What could be the reason?

The main reason would be that the rows in the table are variable length and volatile in those lengths. After the rebuilds and reorganizations, the rows are being modified and page splits are occurring.  A secondary reason could be an database shrink, it that is happening, just stop doing that immediately. There are other reasons, but these are where I'd start looking.

Q: Would an index rebuild, physically order the primary clustered index?

The index rebuild will resort the pages physically in the database, it will not physically sort the data on the pages. This shouldn't be considered an issue. Getting to the data is the primary concern and once the page is accessed, there it is.

Copyright 2014 by Pragmatic Works